xiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhigaigedenandianzaiyuruhepojiexiaoyuanliangjizhijianquanzede“lingheboyi”。congbenzhishangshuo,xiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhigaigejiushixiaobuzhinengguanlibumenyuxueyuanzhijiandeyiciquanli、zerenheyiwudezaifenpei,jiuyaoqiuxuexiaolingdaozhejuyouzhanlvehequanjuyanguang,weidaxuedezhengtihezhangyuanfazhankaolv,zhongxinsikaoxiandaidaxuezhiduxiaxuexiaoyuxueyuandeguanxi,qianzhanxingdizhengtichouhuagaigedaju,zhuanbianbanxueguanlimoshi,xiadingjuexinfuyuxueyuanyingyoudebanxuequanli,xiayiguanlizhongxin,shixueyuanzhenzhengchengweizhanlvemouhuadezhongyaocanyufang,zaiyuxuexiaodachenggongshidezhanlvekuangjiaxiagengjiazizhudikaizhanbanxuehuodong,zhiyouzhenzhengbian“xiaobanyuan”wei“yuanbanxiao”,cainengtuidongdaxuezhengtigaozhiliangfazhan。

大学内部管理现存的主要问题

亚博APPxinshidai,suizhewoguogaodengjiaoyubanxueguimojibenbaochiwending,neihanfazhan、zizhuchuangxin、quanmiantigaojiaoyuzhiliangchengweiwoguogaodengjiaoyufazhandezhongxinrenwu。gaodengjiaoyudegaozhiliangfazhan,xuyaoyuzhixiangshiyingdedaxueneibuguanlitizhijizhizuobaozhang,danwoguodaxueneibuguanlizhongcunzaideyixiepubianxingwenti,zaiyidingchengdushangyingxianglegaodengjiaoyuzhongxinrenwumubiaodeshixian。zhuyaobiaoxianweiyixiawugefangmian:yishixiaoyuanliangjiguanliquanzehuafenbugouheli。xueyuanyijibeifuyudeshiquanyusuozhangwodecaiquan、renshiquanbupipei,banxuezhongxinpianxiangxuexiaocengji,xueyuanmeiyouzhenzhengchengweibanxueshiti,zhijieyingxianglexueyuanbanxuedejijixinghezhudongxing。ershimubiaoyurenwudaoxiangwenti。xiaobujiguan、xueyuanyuxueyuanlingdaogerendepinqimubiaorenwudoubugouqingxijuti,meiyouluoshidaojutiderenshenshang,zhuyaojianshegongzuorenwuzerenzhutibumingque,yingxiangledaxuebanxuejixiaodetigao。sanshineiburichangguanlicunzaidewenti。daxueneibuguanliduochengxiantiaokuaifengejumian,guanlisuipianhua、xiangmuhua,“touzhongjiaoqing”。xiaobujiguansuizhangwodaliangbanxueziyuan,danyixianrufenfanfuzadejutishiwuzhong,bunengjiangzhuyaojinglifangzaizhuazhanlvefazhan、hongguanguanliheduixueyuanbanxuedejiandushang;erxueyuanderichanggongzuozepiyuyingfushangjijutishixiangdeyaoqiu,bunengjiangzhuyaojinglitourujiaoxuekeyandejiansheyuchuangxinshang。kansixiaoyuanliangjigongzuorenwudouhenfanzhong,danhenduogongzuozhiliangbugao、xiaolvdixia。sishibianzhiyuheyuewenti。daxueneibudinggang、dingbianzhiduqueshi,daozhigongzuoyizhimeiyouzhixingdaowei。bianzhineiheyueguanli、pinqiguanliduoyoumingwushi、xingtongxushe,jinrenzhibiao、zhichengzhibiao、jixiaofenpeidengcunzai“daguofan”wenti。wushiyejijiliwenti。jiaoxue、keyan、shehuifuwuheguanligangweidejilitixibugoujianquan,bunenghenhaojilixueyuanhequantijiaozhiyuangongzhengchuangyiliu。

zaiwoguojianshegaodengjiaoyuqiangguo、quanmianshishi“shuangyiliu”jianshejinchengzhong,tuijinxiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhigaige,diaozhengxiaoyuanliangjidequanli、zerenheyiwu,luoshixueyuanbanxuezizhuquan,xiayiguanlizhongxin,bian“xiaobanyuan”wei“yuanbanxiao”,shixueyuanzhenzhengchengweibanxueshiti,keyichongfendiaodongxueyuandebanxuejijixinghezhudongxing,youxiaojifaxueyuandebanxuehuoli、neishengdonglihefazhanqianli,jilixueyuanzijuezhengchuangyiliu,congertuidongxuexiaozhengtigaozhiliangfazhan,tigaodaxuedezhengtijingzhengli。

关键词:亚博APP大学;内部管理;体制改革

摘 要:亚博APP校院两级管理体制改革是全面深化大学综合改革、完善大学内部治理体系的一项重要内容,其核心是通过调整校院两级管理的权力、责任和义务,结合事权下放财权、人事权,落实学院办学自主权,使学院真正成为办学实体。校院两级管理体制改革是一项系统改革,在推进过程中要明确领导责任,找准改革着力点,坚持问题与目标相结合的导向,整体设计改革方案,做好改革风险评估。

校院两级管理体制改革要达成的目标

国内大学多样化的改革模式

xiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhigaigeshiquanmianshenhuadaxuezonghegaige、wanshandaxueneibuzhilitixi、jianshexiandaidaxuezhidudeyixiangzhongyaoneirong,shiwanshandaxueneibuguanlitizhijizhidezhongyaoqierudian。gaigedechufadianshijihuoxueyuandebanxuehuoli,gaigedetupodianzaiyu“fangguanfu”xiangjiehe,yi“fang”weizhu、“guanfu”genjin,jieheshiquanxiafangcaiquan、renshiquan,daidongrencaipeiyang、xuekejianshe、shiziduiwujianshe、kexueyanjiu、guojihuadengdaxuezhuyaogongzuodexitonggaige,quanmiantigaodaxueneibuguanlizhiliang。yinci,gaigeyaodachengdemubiaoshi:tongguoxitonggaige,shixueyuanchengweiyongyoujiaodabanxuezizhuquandezerenshiti,zuizhongjianliqi“quanzeqingxi、mubiaomingque、zhiduguifan、kaohebiaozhunwanshan、jilitixijianquandexiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhijizhi”,zhubushixiaoyuanliangjideguanxiyoujiandandexingzhenglishuguanxibianweiduizuzhimubiaogaodurentongdejinmixingzhanlvetongmengguanxi,xuexiaobanxuechongmanhuoli、fuyouxiaolv,cujinxuexiaokexuejiankangfazhan。

zongtilaishuo,dangqianbushaodaxueneibuguanlidexianzhuang:gaifangdemeiyoufangxiaqu,gaiguandemeiyouguanhao;xiaoyuanliangjimeiyouxingchengheli,banxuexiaoyimeiyouchongfenfahuichulai。zaiguojiajianshegaodengjiaoyuqiangguohequanmianshishi“shuangyiliu”jianshedebeijingxia,dangqiandexiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhijizhiyijingbunenghenhaodishiyingxingshifazhandeyaoqiu,bunengchongfendiaodonghejifaxueyuanyuquantijiaozhigongdegongzuojijixing、zhudongxinghechuangzaoxing,buliyuxueyuanyujiaozhigongzhengchuangyiliu。yinci,yushijujindiduixianyouxiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhijinxingyouhuahegaige,shishixiandaxuegaozhiliangfazhandezhongyaoqiantitiaojian。