亚博APPshide,jijiaoshizhiyedaode,shiyiqiejiaoyugongzuozhezaicongshijiaoyushijianhuodongguochengzhongbixuzunshoudedaodeguifanhexingweizhunze[1],shishehuiduijiaoshizhiyexingweitichudejibendaodeyaoqiu,shijiaoshisixiangjuewu、daodepinzhihejingshenmianmaodejizhongtixian[2]。gaoxiaoshideshigaoxiaojiaoshizaicongshigaodengjiaoyuhuodongzhongbixuzunxunderenyurenzhijianguanxixingweiguifandezonghe[3]。gaoxiaoshidezhijieyingxiangzhexueshengshijieguan、renshengguanhejiazhiguandeyangcheng,juedingzhedaxuerencaipeiyangdezhiliang,yeguanxizheguojiaheminzudeweilai。suizheshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidebuduanwanshan,gaoxiaoshidejianshequdeleyidingdechengxiao,danrengzhihouyugaodengjiaoyudekuaisufazhan,cunzaixuduozhideguanzhudewenti[4]。gaoxiaoshidejianshebujinxuyaojiaoshidezilv,gengzhongyaodeshixuyaowaizaide、juyouqiangzhixingdeguifan,yizhutuigaoxiaojiaoshizaijiaoyujiaoxue、keyanhuodongheqitarichanghuodongzhongzunshouyidingdexingweizhunze[5]。meiguozuoweishijiegaodengjiaoyufadadeguojia,zhuzhongzhidingjutikexingdeshideguifancushijiaoshizunshou,shigaoxiaoshidedejianshezhuoyouchengxiao。weici,benwenshitushulizhongmeigaoxiaoshideguifanjianshedelicheng,bijiaozhongmeigaoxiaoshideguifanjianshedetedian,congercujinwoguogaoxiaoshidejianshedefazhan。

亚博APPzaimeiguo,zhiyedaodeyibanbeichengweijiaoshizhuanyelunli,zhuyaodiaojiejiaoshiyuxuesheng、xueshengjiazhang、tongshizhijiandeguanxi[8]。meiguobijiaozhongshijiaoshizhuanyelunliguifandezhiding。“zaozai1896nian,meiguoqiaozhiyazhoujiaoshixiehuijiubanbujiaoshizhuanyelunliguifan”,qitagezhouxiangjixiaofang[9]。suihou,zaidaliangdiaoyandejichushang,quanguojiaoyuxiehuiyu1929nianzhidingbingbanbule《quanguojiaoyuxiehuilunliguifan》,gaiguifanduitigaojiaoshidaodeshuipingdezuoyongbingbumingxian,yinweidabufenjiaoshibingbuzhixiao。weiletigaoguifandeshixiaoxing,quanguojiaoyuxiehuiyu1941nianjiangguifandingmingwei《jiaoyuxuezhuanyelunliguifan》。yu1963nian、1968nianhe1972nianfenbieduiguifanjinxinglewanshan,bingjiangqigaimingwei《jiaoyuzhuanyelunliguifan》。weibaozhangguifandezhixingli,fahuiqizaijiaoyushijianzhongdexiaoguo,quanguojiaoyuxiehuiyu1975nianduiguifanjinxinglezhongdaxiuding,bingchenglizhuanmendejianchaweiyuanhui[10]。1986nian,youyiciquanmianxiuding,shiguifangengjiawanshan,bingyanyongzhijin。zheigeguifanchengweimeiguojiaoyujienaizhiquanshijiejiaoyujiezuijuyingxianglidejiaoshishideguifan[11]。xianxingde《jiaoyuzhuanyelunliguifan》jiegouwanzheng、neirongxiangxi,zhuyaoyouxuyanheyuanzeliangbufenzucheng,yeshiyongyuguifangaoxiaoshide。 

关键词:中美高校;师德规范;建设比较

中美高校师德规范建设历程

中美高校师德规范建设特点比较

亚博APPzhongguoduiyushideguifandejiansheqibujiaowan,yi“shideguifan”mingwenguidingdeneirongbuduo。1993nianbanbude《zhonghuarenmingongheguojiaoshifa》he1999nianbanxingde《zhonghuarenmingongheguogaodengjiaoyufa》,weigaoxiaoshidedejianshetigonglefazhidejichu。2005nianchutaide《yaboguanfangshoujibanguanyujinyibujiaqianghegaijinshidejianshedeyijian》zhongmingquezhichu“jiaqiangzhidujianshe”[6]。

gaoxiaoshidejiansheguoyuqiangdiaojiaoshidezilvyinsuerhushiwaizaidetalvyinsu,huijiqijiaoshiduishidejianshedelengmoyufangan。zhongshishidejianshedetalv,jianzhanglizhi,fahuitalvdejiaoyu、yindaoyuguifanzuoyong,nengqieshitigaojiaoshishideshuiping[12]。shideguifanzuoweizhongyaodewaizaitalvyinsu,nengcujingaoxiaojiaoshiduishidejianshederenshiyucanyu。zhongmeigaoxiaoshideguifanjianshedechayizhuyaotixianweiyixiajigefangmian:

1.规范制定的主体

1.中国高校师德规范建设历程

zaishichangjingjihekaifangdetiaojianxia,gaoxiaoshidejianshecunzaiyixiejidaijiejuedewenti:youdejiaoshizerenxinbuqiang,jiaoshuyurenyishidanbo;youdejiaoshixuefengfuzao,zhixuebugouyanjin;gebiejiaoshishideshifan、xueshubuduan,yanzhongsunhaijiaoshidezhiyeshengyudeng。weijinyibujiaqianggaoxiaoshidejianshe,jianshegaosuzhizhuanyehuagaoxiaojiaoshiduiwu,quanmiantigaogaodengjiaoyuzhiliang,yaboguanfangshoujibanhezhongguojiaokewenweitigonghuiquanguoweiyuanhuiyu2011nian12yuebanfale《gaodengxuexiaojiaoshizhiyedaodeguifan》[7],huyuguangdagaoxiaojiaoshijianfuqi“lideshuren、jiaoshuyuren”dezhize,jidadituidonglewoguogaoxiaoshidedejianshe。

摘 要:亚博APP教师是立校之本,师德是教育之魂。随着市场经济的快速发展,高等教育得到快速发展,高校师德建设却相对滞后。加强和改进高校师德建设,对于全面提高高等教育质量和推进高等教育事业发展具有深远的意义。美国高校师德规范涉及内容广泛,层次性和实践性较强。通过对美国师德规范的分析,根据中国高校实际,建设中国特色的高校师德规范体系,进而推动高校师德建设的进程。

2.美国高校师德规范建设历程

woguo《gaodengxuexiaojiaoshizhiyedaodeguifan》shiyouzhongyangjiaoyuxingzhengbumenzhidingde。yaboguanfangshoujibandengzhengfubumenzaibanbuguifanqianhuizhengqiushehuigejierenshideyijian。guifanzhidingzhutibijiaoquanwei,qianghualeguifandeyueshuliheqiangzhili。tongshi,woguobingmeiyoushelizhuanyedejiaoshizuzhihejiaoshixiehui。zongtieryan,woguogaoxiaoshideguifanzhidingshiyizhongyoushangerxiadeguocheng。