wangshuguo:yanjiushengxuyaotongguocanyukeyanhuodongjinxingpeiyang,danjuebunengjiandandibayanjiushengdangzuolianjialaodongli,zheiyangzuo,jibuliyurencaipeiyang,yebuliyukeyanxiangmudewancheng,gengbuliyudakeyanchengguodechansheng。

研究生教育是国民教育的最高层次,承担着高端人才供给和科学技术创新的双重使命,是经济社会发展的主要驱动力,是实施创新驱动发展战略和建设创新型国家的重要基石。习近平总书记近日就研究生教育工作作出重要指示,要求各级党委和政府要高度重视研究生教育,推动研究生教育适应党和国家事业发展需要,坚持“四为”方针,瞄准科技前沿和关键领域,深入推进学科专业调整,提升导师队伍水平,完善人才培养体系,加快培养国家急需的高层次人才,为坚持和发展中国特色社会主义、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦作出贡献。

亚博APPwangshuguo:gurenyun“jiaobuyan,shizhiduo”,daoshidezishensuzhi、yanchuanshenjiaoduiyanjiushengdezuoren、zuoxuewenjuyoushenyuandeyingxiang。yinci,daoshixuyaolinxuanyukaohe,qiexuyaogengjiayangehegaobiaozhun。woxiaozaoyishixingdaoshizige“nianshen”zhi,meiniangenjudaoshidepeiyangtiaojian、peiyangzhiliangheshideshifengqingkuang,duidaoshidezhaoshengzigejinxingqueren,zhenzhengshixianledongtaidiaozheng,nengshangnengxia。zai“nianshen”zhong,shizhongjianchibajiandingzhengzhifangxiang、tigaozhengzhijuewu,bapeiyangshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanrenzuoweiyurendeshouyaomubiao;jianchiyishurenweihexin,yilideweigenben,jianglideshurendeyaoqiuguanchedaoyanjiushengpeiyangquanguocheng、quanlingyu、quanfangmian、quanhuanjie;jiangdaoshicongzhaosheng、peiyangdaobiyequanguochengxihuawei58gedongzuo,xingcheng“bayao”“shibuzhun”dedaoshishideshifengxingweizhunze,meinianzhutiaoduizhaojiancha,youshideshifanqingxingshiyilvzantingzhaoshengzige。

人民网:部分导师投入大量精力搞科研发论文,重科研而轻教学,该如何走出这个误区?

shouxianxuexiaocengmiansixiangyaoqingxi、siluyaotongyi,yaoluoshidaojutidezhidujianshezhong,rubuyaobayanjiushengzhibiaojiandandiyukeyanjingfeiduoshaoguagou,buyaojiandandiyongyanjiushengguimolaihengliangkeyannenglidaxiao。yaojiadazhuanzhikeyanduiwujianshe,conggenbenshangjiejuekeyanlaolijinquedewenti。yaochuangxintizhijizhi,chongfendiaodonglaoshihezhuanzhikeyanrenyuandekeyanjijixing。

亚博APPzuihou,xuexiaoxiangguanbumenyingjiaqiangdudao,mingxidaoshixingweidixianyuhongxian,mingquepeiyangyukeyandeguanxi,dujueyongkeyanhuodongjiandandidaitipeiyanghuodong,dujuebashishengguanxiniuquweiguyongguanxi,dujue“zhiyongbudao”“zhiguabudao”“zhizhaobudao”dengxianxiang。tuixingchengbenfendanzhi,jingzhunfenpeiyanjiushengzhibiao,tigaopeiyangxiaolv。

wangshuguo:daoshishiyanjiushengpeiyangdediyizerenren,fuyouduiyanjiushengjinxingxuekeqianyanyindao、keyanfangfazhidaohexueshuguifanjiaodaodezeren。daoshijiyaoweixueshi,yeyaoweirenshi,zaipeiyangguochengzhong,xuduiyanjiushengdexuexi、keyan、pindejishenghuogefangmianjinxingzhidaobingquanmianfuze,zaiyanjiushengdesixiangjiaoyu、kexuedaodedengfangmianfuyouyindao、shifanhejianduzeren。yaojianchijiaoshuheyuren、yanchuanheshenjiao、qianxinwendaoheguanzhushehui、xueshuziyouhexueshuguifanxiangtongyi,zuoshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguandejiandingxinyangzhe、jijichuanbozhe、mofanshijianzhe。womenxuexiaoyaoqiudaoshichulezaishoukeshiyaoluoshihao“kechengsizheng”,zaipingshideshishengxiangchuguochengzhong,yaojianxing“daoxuesizheng”,yongzijideshijixingdongpeiyangxueshengdejiaguoqinghuai。

人民网:目前,有个别导师导师责任心不强,甚至把学生当作廉价科研劳动力,应该如何杜绝这种现象?

qicidaoshiyaomingbai,yanjiushengshiyonglaipeiyangde,shangbujubeiwanchengdakeyanrenwudenengli,ruguoyiweidiyilaiyanjiushengwanchengkeyanxiangmu,huidaozhikeyanhuodongdedishuipingzhongfu,wufachengdandadekeyanxiangmu,wufaxingchengdadekeyanchengguo。

如何适应国家需要推进学科专业建设?如何进一步深化研究生培养模式改革?如何切实提高研究生导师队伍素质水平?人民网教育频道约请多位大学书记校长,共同把脉新时代研究生教育改革,开启新时代研究生教育发展新图景。

wangshuguo:daoshidezhuyaozhizejiushipeiyangrencai,suoyirencaidepeiyangzhiliangliyingchengweidaoshipingjiadezuiguanjianyinsu。peiyangzhiliangbaokuoxueshengdejibenzhishizhangwoqingkuang、duiqianyandongtaidongchali、canyuhuozuzhikeyanhuodongdenengli、chengguobiaodanengli、chengguoyingyongqingkuangyijiweilaifazhanzhiliang。

wangshuguo:daoshishixueshengdeyinluren,shiyaodailingxueshengtansuoxueshuqianyande,yincidaoshibenrenbixuyaomianxiangshijiekejiqianyan、mianxiangjingjizhuzhanchang、mianxiangguojiazhongdaxuqiu,zhudongshiyingdisicigongyegemingdailaidejiyuyutiaozhan,zhuazhubainianweiyouzhidabianjusuodailaideqiji,chixuzhangwozhuanyedongtai,chuangxinlilunzhishi,zouzaixueshuqianyan,baochixueshuhuoli。yaoquanshenxintouruyanjiushengpeiyang,zunxunyanjiushengchengzhangguilv,chixuchuangxinyanjiushengzhidaofangshi,rangyanjiushengchongfencanyukeyanhuodong,weiyanjiushengtigongchongzudeshijianjihui,zhichiyanjiushengcanjiaxueke/kejijingsai,guliyanjiushengcanyuguojijiaoliu,peiyangyanjiushengchuangxinshijiannengli,tuozhanyanjiushengguojishiye。yaozaijiaoxuehekeyanshijianzhongpeiyangyanjiushenglianghaodexuefeng、fengxianjingshenheyankedexueshuguifan,buduantigaozishensuyang,shiyingxinshidaixinyaoqiu。

人民网:在对导师的评价过程中,怎么将研究生培养质量作为最关键的因素,落到实处?

yishiduidaoshijinxing“nianshen”,mingquedaoshidejiaoshuyurenzhize;ershiduidaoshijinxinglunxun,jiangqingkeyanyuyurendeguanxi;sanshiduizuodehaodeyouxiudaoshijinxingxuanchuan,fahuiyangbanzuoyong;sishiduipeiyangguochengjinxingdudao。

人民网:导师应该如何不断适应新时代新要求,提高自身素质能力?

亚博APPwangshuguo:daoshibenshenjiushiyizhongfengong,bushirongyu,yebushimaozi。mingxiayouxueshengjiushidaoshi,mingxiameiyouxueshengjiubushidaoshi。daoshiyoumeiyouxueshengqujueyunengfouzhaosheng,woxiaomeinianduijiaoshidezhaoshengzigejinxingquanpanzhongxinrending,suoyizaiwoxiao,daoshizaoyibushizhongshenzhile。woxiaozaiduidaoshizhaoshengzigerendingshi,anzhao“xueshuxing、zhuanyexing”he“shuoshi、boshi”defenleifencengdeyuanze,quedinggezijibentiaojian,youjicengpeiyangdanweibuchongtiaojian、linxuanjingxuexiaoshenhehoushengxiao。dapolegudingzigezhihezhongshenzhi,shixiandaoshi“nengshangnengxia,zeyoushanggang”deliangxingxunhuan。zailinxuanhekaohezhongkefule“wuwei”wanzhangguji,zhenzhenglinxuanchuxueshushuipingjing、keyanbenlinggao、jiaoxuenengliqiangdeyanjiushengdaoshi。tongguomeiniandelinxuan,jinyibumingqueledaoshiquanze,qieshibaozhangheguifanledaoshidezhaoshengquan、zhidaoquan、pingjiaquanheguanliquan,jiandingzhichidaoshianzhaoguizhangzhiduyangeyanjiushengxueyeguanli,zengqiangdaoshidezerengan、shiminggan、rongyugan,yingzaozunshizhongjiaolianghaofenwei。zaizhaoshengzigelinxuanshi,guliyi“tuanduizhidao”defangshishenqingzhaoshengzige,dalituidongdaoshituanduijianshe,fahuituanduiyurengongneng,chuangxintuanduipeiyangmoshi,tuijintuanduitixijianshe。guli“kuayuan”“kuaxueke”zutuanzhaosheng,cujinxuekejiaocha,peiyangchuangxinxingrencai。

人民网:高校在导师遴选和考核中,如何将师德摆在突出重要位置?

人民网:探索打破导师身份“终身制”,对于深化导师管理的机制体制改革有哪些意义?

qinqishi,xinqidao。yanjiushengdaoshishiwoguoyanjiushengpeiyangdeguanjianliliang,jianfuzhepeiyangguojiagaocengcichuangxinrencaideshimingyuzhongren。muqian,quanguoyouyanjiushengdaoshi46wanren,qizhongboshishengdaoshi11.5wanren。daoshijishiyanjiushengxueshudaoludezhidaozhe,yeshijiazhiguansuzaodeyinluren。ruhedazaoyizhigaoshuiping、gaosuzhideyanjiushengdaoshiduiwu?shouqi“yanjiushengjiaoyufazhanxintujing”xiliebaodao,womenduihuaxianjiaotongdaxuexiaozhangwangshuguo。

人民网:导师应如何将专业教育与思政教育有机融合,既做学业导师又做人生导师?