有望消除古生物学和现代发育学在鸟类手指同源问题上的矛盾  

亚博APPzuilingyanjiuzhexingfendeshi,nitanlongyouzhebutongxunchangdeshoubujiegou。xianghenduoqitazaoqishoujiaoleikonglongyiyang,nitanlongbaocunle4geshouzhi,danshiqidiyizhiqueyanzhongtuihuale,dierzhifeichangfayu。zheixianshileyizhongyuqitazaoqishoujiaoleikonglongwanquanbutongdeshouzhituihuamoshi。xuxingheqihezuozherenwei,zheiyixianxiangbiaoming,shoujiaoleikonglongdeshouzhituihuamoshiyuanbiguoqurenmenrenweidefuza。


《自然》:中外科学家提出鸟类手指同源新假说  

亚博APPniaoleishouzhitongyuanwenti,shiniaoleiqiyuanyanjiushangyizhikunraogushengwuxuejiadeyigenanti,yeshijinhuashengwuxueyanjiulingyuzhangqiyilaizuijuzhengyixingdewentizhiyi。youzhongguokexueyuangujizhuidongwuyugurenleiyanjiusuoyanjiuyuanxuxinglingdaodeyigeguojiyanjiuxiaozu,zai6yue18richubandeyingguo《ziran》zazhishangtichulejiejuezheiyiwentidexinjiashuo。zheiyijiashuojiangyouwangxiaochugushengwuxueziliaohexiandaifayuxueziliaozainiaoleishouzhitongyuanwentishangdemaodunguandian。

 

亚博APPzaidedaozheizhongtishihou,xuxingdengrenzhongxinguanchahefenxileyiwangfaxiandeyixieshoujiaoleikonglongdeshoubujiegou,lingtamengandaojingyadeshi,xuduoshoujiaoleikonglongdeshoubutezhengdouanshizheyizhongfuzadetuihuamoshi。zonghexindegushengwuxueziliaohexiandaifayuxueziliao,xuxingheqihezuozhetichuleyizhongwaicezhuanyijiashuolaijieshikonglongshouzhideyanhua。tamenrenwei,zuizaoqishoujiaoleikonglongtuihualezuiwaicedeshouzhi(diwuzhi),dansuihoubansuizhekonglonglieshixingweidebianhua,diyizhi(zuineicedeshouzhi)yetuihuaxiaoshile,zheiyangjuyousangeshouzhidejiangweilonglei(baokuozhumingdeyuelongyijilingdaolong)shijishangbaoliulezhongjiande3geshouzhi,danyouyufayujizhidebianhua,tongyuanyixingzhuanhuazaochenglezhongjian3geshouzhifayuleneice3geshouzhi(yejiushidiyizhizhidisanzhi)dexingtai。yejiushishuo,baokuoniaoleizaineidejuyou3geshouzhidejiangweilongleisuobaocunde3geshouzhitouqishishidier、san、sizhi,gaibianleguanyujiangweilongleibaocunlediyi、er、sanzhidechuantongguannian。zheiyang,cunzaiyugushengwuxuehefayuxueziliaozhijiandemaodunjiuxiaochule。

 

dongtaitongyuanjianceshiyizhongyongyujiyufenzishengwuxueziliaojinxingxitongfayufenxidefangfa。tongguozheiyifangfa,tamenweiwaicezhuanyijiashuotigonglegengduozhichi。

亚博APPnitanlongyanjiudedaolebaokuozhongguoguojiazirankexuejijinwei、meiguoguojiadilixiehui、meiguoguojiakexuejijinhuihezhongguokexueyuandengduofangmiandezhichi。canyuzheixiangyanjiudeyanjiurenyuanlaizizhongguo、meiguo、jianada、yingguohemoxigedengduogeguojia。

 

bujiuqian,xuxinglingdaodeguojiyanjiuxiaozuzaiwoguoxinjiangzhungaerpendidezhuluojidicengzhongfaxianleyizhongqitedexiaoxingkonglong,beixuxingdengrenmingmingweinitanlong。nitanlongshuyushoujiaoleikonglongdeyigefenzhi——jiaobilonglei,shijiaobilongleizheileifenyiduhengaodekonglongleiqunzhongzuigulao、zuiyuanshidechengyuanzhiyi。tameiyouqitajiaobilongleikonglongtoubutongchangjuyoudejihuojiao,gengjiaqitedeshi,nitanlongyemeiyouyachi,queyouyigexiangniaoleiyiyangyonglaiqiegezhiwudehui,tahaijuyouchangjianyuzhishixingkonglongdangzhongdeweishi。zheixiexianxiangbiaoming,jinguanshoujiaoleikonglongdeduoshuchengyuanjunweiroushixingdongwu,nitanlongqueshizheigedajiazuzhongdeyigezhishixingdedaibiao,jiuxiangjintiandedaxiongmao。zheiyifaxianxianshi,shoujiaoleikonglongzaozaijujindayue1.6yinianqianjiuyoulemingxiandeshengtaifenyi。

yiwangdehuashicailiaoxianshi,niaoleidezuxian——konglong,you5geshouzhi,zaixiangniaoleideyanhuaguochengzhong,tamende2gewaiceliangzhi(xiangdangyurenleidewumingzhihexiaomuzhi)shouxiantuihuabingxiaoshi,zuizhongxingchengniaoleidejuyou3geshouzhideshoubu。danshi,xiandaifayushengwuxueyanjiuquebiaoming,niaoleibaoliulezhongjian3zhi,yejiushishuo,zainiaoleiyanhuaguochengzhong,zuiwaicehezuineicede2geshouzhi(xiangdangyurenleidedamuzhihexiaomuzhi)tuihuaxiaoshile。zheiyang,gushengwuxueziliaohexiandaifayuxueziliaozainiaoleishouzhitongyuanwentishangchanshenglechongtu,zheiyichongtuyechengweishaoshuxuezhefanduiniaoleiqiyuanyukonglongzheiyijiashuodelizheng。cihou,gushengwuxuejiahefayushengwuxuejiatichulegezhongjiashuo,shituxiaochuzheiyimaodun,danzheixiejiashuodoucunzaizhemingxiandequexian。

xuxingheqihezuozhejinyibufenxilexiandaifayuxueziliao,renweiwaicezhuanyijiashuonenggouyongxiandaifayuxuejizhijinxingjieshi。tamenhaishoucizaigushengwuxueyanjiuzhongcaiyongledongtaitongyuanjiancedefangfa。

 

genjuxuxingdejieshao,youguanniaoleiqiyuandeyanjiu,xuyaobaokuogushengwuxue、xiandaifayushengwuxuedengduoxuekedezhengheyanjiu,“zheiyang,womencainengyouwangquanmianlejiezheiyizhongyaodeyanhuashijian”。jinnianlai,xuxingdeyanjiuxiaozuzaiyumaohechibangdengzhongyaojiegoudeyanhuayanjiufangxiangshangduocichangshijianggushengwuxuehexiandaifayushengwuxueziliaoxiangjiehe,qudeleyixiliezhongyaochengguo。